The latest medical research on Diabetes Mellitus

The research magnet gathers the latest research from around the web, based on your specialty area. Below you will find a sample of some of the most recent articles from reputable medical journals about diabetes mellitus gathered by our medical AI research bot.

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Cultural factors related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico: A systematic review of qualitative studies.

Obesity Reviews

Culture and culturally specific beliefs or practices may influence perceptions and decisions, potentially contributing to childhood obesity. The ob...

The effect of pharmacological treatment and lifestyle modification in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: An umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials.

Obesity Reviews

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a liver disease that affects approximately 25% of the world's population, and various treatments have b...

High-intensity interval exercise versus moderate-intensity continuous exercise on postprandial glucose and insulin responses: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obesity Reviews

We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the effects of high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) as compared to moderate-intensity exercise (MIE)...

Methods for the economic evaluation of obesity prevention dietary interventions in children: A systematic review and critical appraisal of the evidence.

Obesity Reviews

We aim to describe and provide a discussion of methods used to conduct economic evaluations of dietary interventions in children and adolescents, including long-term modelling, and to make recommendations to assist health economists in the design and reporting of such evaluations.

A systematic review was conducted in 11 bibliographic databases and the grey literature with searches undertaken between January 2000 and December 2021. A study was included if it (1) was an economic evaluation or modelling study of an obesity-prevention dietary intervention and (2) targeted 2- to 18-year-olds.

Twenty-six studies met the inclusion criteria. Twelve studies conducted an economic evaluation alongside a clinical trial, and 14 studies modelled long-term health and cost outcomes. Four overarching methodological challenges were identified: modelling long-term impact of interventions, measuring and valuing health outcomes, cost inclusions and equity considerations.

Variability in methods used to predict, measure and value long-term benefits in adulthood from short-term clinical outcomes in childhood was evident across studies. Key recommendations to improve the design and analysis of future economic evaluations include the consideration of weight regain and diminishing intervention effects within future projections; exploration of wider intervention benefits not restricted to quality-of-life outcomes; and inclusion of parental or caregiver opportunity costs.

Systematic review of electronically delivered behavioral obesity prevention interventions targeting men.

Obesity Reviews

Globally, obesity persists at epidemic rates. Men are underrepresented within behavior-based obesity prevention research. As men prefer individuali...

Exploring primary school years interactions around child weight: A qualitative meta-synthesis of school staff, parent, and child views and experiences.

Obesity Reviews

Interactions about children's weight and weight-related behaviors occur from an early stage in school settings between various stakeholders and are...

The impact of the interplay of the intestinal microbiome and diet on the metabolomic and health outcomes of bariatric surgery.

Obesity Reviews

Obesity has evolved into a global epidemic. Bariatric surgery, the most effective treatment for obesity, keeps many comorbidities of obesity at bay...

Effect of aerobic exercise on waist circumference in adults with overweight or obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obesity Reviews

Excess visceral adiposity contributes to elevated cardiometabolic risk, and waist circumference is commonly used as a surrogate measure of visceral...

Systematic review of the effect of policies to restrict the marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to which children are exposed.

Obesity Reviews

This systematic review examined the effectiveness of policies restricting the marketing of foods and/or non-alcoholic beverages to children to info...

Recent insights into vitamin D, adipocyte, and adipose tissue biology.

Obesity Reviews

Several studies bring strong evidence for an active role of vitamin D and its metabolites in physiological adipocyte and adipose tissue processes i...

Obesity-related glomerulopathy: Current approaches and future perspectives.

Obesity Reviews

Obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG) is a silent comorbidity which is increasing in incidence as the obesity epidemic escalates. ORG is associated ...

The influence of unhealthy food and beverage marketing through social media and advergaming on diet-related outcomes in children-A systematic review.

Obesity Reviews

Children are increasingly exposed to food and beverage marketing, but little is known about the specific effects of marketing through media most us...