The latest medical research on Diabetes Mellitus

The research magnet gathers the latest research from around the web, based on your specialty area. Below you will find a sample of some of the most recent articles from reputable medical journals about diabetes mellitus gathered by our medical AI research bot.

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Effective strategies in ending weight stigma in healthcare.

Obesity Reviews

Weight stigma impacts negatively healthcare quality and hinders public health goals. The aim of this review was to identify strategies for minimizi...

Prevalence and associated factors of secondary hyperparathyroidism after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: A meta-analysis.

Obesity Reviews

This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYG...

Correlates of sedentary behavior in Asian preschool-aged children: A systematic review.

Obesity Reviews

This systematic review aims to identify the multilevel correlates of sedentary behavior (SB) and its sub-domains among preschool-aged children aged...

Evaluation of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in severe obesity using noninvasive tests and imaging techniques.

Obesity Reviews

The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the more severe and inflammatory type, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), is incre...

Exercise and bariatric surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the feasibility and acceptability of exercise and controlled trial methods.

Obesity Reviews

This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the feasibility and acceptability of exercise and controlled trial methods in adults awaiting or ...

Nutritional strategies to attenuate postprandial glycemic response.

Obesity Reviews

Maintaining good glycemic control to prevent complications is crucial in people with type 2 diabetes and in people with prediabetes and in the gene...

The effectiveness of technology-based interventions for weight loss maintenance: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials with meta-analysis.

Obesity Reviews

To systematically review and meta-analyze randomized controlled trials on the effects of technology-based interventions for maintenance of lost weight.

A systematic literature search was performed to identify randomized controlled trials with at least one intervention arm delivered through the internet or mobile application, published in English until September 2021. Weight change at the end of the weight loss maintenance phase was considered the primary outcome.

Twelve manuscripts with 2941 adults were included in the review; 10 studies were meta-analyzed. Included interventions had a duration of 3-30 months and were tested compared with minimum interventions (no contact with the study staff or intervention with only a limited number of features) or in-person groups. Technology-based interventions resulted in similar weight regain when compared with minimum interventions (ES = -0.07 kg; 95% CI = [-0.57, 0.42]; p = 0.770). However, when compared with in-person interventions, technology-based interventions were found to lead in significantly higher weight regain (ES = 1.36 kg; 95% CI = [0.29, 2.43]; p = 0.010).

Web- and app-based interventions for weight loss maintenance produced similar results with minimum interventions and resulted in greater weight regain compared with in-person interventions. Appropriate interventions for weight loss maintenance provide benefits against weight regain, only when provided in-person.

Co-creation of healthier food retail environments: A systematic review to explore the type of stakeholders and their motivations and stage of engagement.

Obesity Reviews

To synthesize peer-reviewed literature that utilize co-creation principles in healthy food retail initiatives.

Systematic review of six databases from inception to September 2021. Screening and quality assessment were carried out by two authors independently. Studies were included if they were conducted in food retail stores, used a collaborative model, and aimed to improve the healthiness of the food retail environment. Studies excluded were implemented in restaurants, fast food chains, or similar or did not utilize some form of collaboration. Extracted data included the type of stakeholders engaged, level of engagement, stakeholder motivation, and barriers and enablers of the co-creation process.

After screening 6951 articles by title and abstract, 131 by full text, 23 manuscripts that describe 20 separate studies from six countries were included. Six were implemented in low-income communities and eight among Indigenous people groups. A common aim was to increase access to, and availability of, healthy products. A diverse range of co-creation approaches, theoretical perspectives, and study designs were observed. The three most common stakeholders involved were researchers, corporate representatives or store owners, and governments.

Some evidence exists of the benefits of co-creation to improve the healthiness of food retail environments. The field may benefit from structured guidance on the theory and practice of co-creation.

Changes in volumetric bone mineral density and bone quality after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: A meta-analysis with meta-regression.

Obesity Reviews

This meta-analysis aimed to assess the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on three-dimensionally assessed volumetric bone mineral density (v...

Outcomes of the first global multidisciplinary consensus meeting including persons living with obesity to standardize patient-reported outcome measurement in obesity treatment research.

Obesity Reviews

Quality of life is a key outcome that is not rigorously measured in obesity treatment research due to the lack of standardization of patient-report...

Cultural factors related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico: A systematic review of qualitative studies.

Obesity Reviews

Culture and culturally specific beliefs or practices may influence perceptions and decisions, potentially contributing to childhood obesity. The ob...

The effect of pharmacological treatment and lifestyle modification in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: An umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials.

Obesity Reviews

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a liver disease that affects approximately 25% of the world's population, and various treatments have b...