The latest medical research on Rehabilitation Medicine

The research magnet gathers the latest research from around the web, based on your specialty area. Below you will find a sample of some of the most recent articles from reputable medical journals about rehabilitation medicine gathered by our medical AI research bot.

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Models of Traumatic Brain Injury in Aged Animals: A Clinical Perspective.

Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, with advanced age being one of the major predictors ...

Calling Out MS Fatigue: Feasibility and Preliminary Effects of a Pilot Randomized Telephone-Delivered Exercise Intervention for Multiple Sclerosis Fatigue.

Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy

Fatigue is a common and debilitating symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Exercise therapy is effective in reducing MS-related fatigue; however, its feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness when delivered over the telephone remain unknown. This randomized study aimed to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a telephone-delivered exercise intervention for MS-related fatigue. In addition, pre-/postchange in fatigue and secondary outcomes were compared with an otherwise identical in-person delivered exercise intervention.

Twenty participants with MS and clinically significant fatigue were randomized to 8 sessions of either telephone (n = 10) or in-person (n = 10) delivered exercise therapy. Primary outcome measures concerned feasibility (number of sessions attended), acceptability (Client Satisfaction Questionnaire), and fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale and two 11-point numeric rating scales: fatigue intensity and interference). Data on a range of secondary outcome measures were also collected.

There was no difference in average session attendance by group (telephone group: 7.6 ± 1.3 sessions; in-person 7.8 ± 0.42). Acceptability and reductions in fatigue were observed regardless of group, and improvements in a range of secondary outcomes were comparable.

A telephone-delivered exercise intervention that targets MS-related fatigue is both feasible and acceptable. Primary and secondary outcome measures signaled that telephone-delivered exercise may be an effective mode of delivery that overcomes barriers to care in persons with MS and warrants testing in larger efficacy trials.Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1,

International Classification of Service Organization in Rehabilitation: An updated set of categories.

Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

To develop a revised version of the International Classification of Service Organization in Rehabilitation (ICSO-R).

Not applicable Methods: The revision was based on testing the first version of the ICSO-R; 2 discussion rounds invited by the ICSO-R working group of the Standardized Rehabilitation Reporting Subcommittee of the World Health Organization Liaison committee of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, and a call for corrections from a group of international experts.

The resulting ICSO-R 2.0 version is composed of 2 dimensions (formerly 3); the Provider dimension and the Service delivery dimension. The categories of the Funding dimension from the first version of ICSO-R were incorporated into each of the other dimensions. The Provider dimension now consists of 9 categories and the Service delivery dimension consists of 14 categories. Subcategories have been added to 7 categories: governance/leadership, funding of provider, target groups, location of service delivery, setting, rehabilitation team, and funding of service delivery.

This updated version of ICSO-R provides a prerequisite for rehabilitation service organization assessment and implementation projects, reporting of contextual influences in clinical trials and many other aspects. In addition, ICSO-R 2.0 can be used for several purposes, e.g. to analyse and compare the provision of rehabilitation services in health systems and to support the quality management of rehabilitation services. However, the development of value sets for each (sub)category and further validation studies are still needed.

Evaluation of a technology-assisted enriched environmental activities programme for upper limb function: A randomized controlled trial.

Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

To evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of an intensive technology-assisted inpatient enriched environmental programme for upper limb function.

Patients consecutively admitted to the rehabilitation unit randomly allocated to an intervention (enriched environmental programme, n = 46)) or a control group (usual ward activity, n = 46). Assessments were performed at baseline (T0), discharge (T1) and 3 months (T2) using validated measures.

At T1, the enriched environmental group showed significant improvement in upper limb function, compared with the control group: Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) "Total" (p = 0.002), and "Grip", "Pinch" and "Gross" subscales (p < 0.05 for all), with small effect size = 0.04-0.16. Most participants in the enriched environmental group had clinically significant improvement > 5.7 points on the ARAT "Total" compared with the control group (83% vs 44%, p < 0.001). Participants in the enriched environmental group were more involved in various forms of activities during waking hours. At T2, despite no significant between-group difference in ARAT scores, the majority of participants in the enriched environmental group maintained the improvement (> 5.7 points) on ARAT "Total" compared with the control group (91% vs 61%, p = 0.001). Both groups improved in other measures at both T1 and T2.

An enriched environmental programme was feasible and effective in improving upper limb function and increasing the activity of patients during their inpatient subacute care.

Polio and post-polio syndrome in non-Western immigrants: A new challenge for the healthcare system in Norway.

Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

To explore the health situation and identify specific health challenges in non-Western immigrants with polio in Norway, by comparing their status with Western immigrants with polio and native Norwegians with polio.

A questionnaire covering demographics, polio history, life satisfaction, medical, psychological and social conditions was answered by 1,408 persons with polio, among them 34 immigrants from non-Western countries and 32 immigrants from Western countries.

The non-Western immigrant polio group had a mean age of 46 years, were highly educated, reported high frequency of mental health problems and only one-third was working. Mean age for contracting polio was 2.8 years. Only one-third was hospitalized in the acute phase and 80% reported severe leg weakness. Use of a powered wheelchair was reported by 72%. Post-polio symptoms had started at a mean age of 31 years. The non-Western immigrant group reported more fatigue, pain and loneliness, and a high proportion reported insufficient assistance from the public health system.

The group of non-Western immigrants with polio in Norway reported more health and social problems than the group of Western immigrants with polio or the native Norwegian group with polio, even though they were younger and more highly educated. Their complex psychological and social situation requires active intervention from the health system, and health professionals need extra skills to deal most effectively with their situation.

Evaluation of the effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field on the levels of some inflammatory cytokines in post-stroke patients.

Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

Activation of immunologically competent cells results in the overproduction of pro-inflammatory factors, and causes progression of nerve tissue damage. However, the potential neuroprotective effects of these factors in brain damage have not been well investigated.

To evaluate the effect of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) treatment on the molecular mechanism of inflammatory cytokine activity in post-stroke patients.

All patients underwent the same programme of physical therapy, but the ELF-EMF group were also given ELF-EMF treatment. In order to determine the plasma level of cytokines, the levels of interleukin 1β (IL-1β), interleukin 2 (IL-2), interferon γ (INFγ) and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) were evaluated, and the level of IL-1β mRNA expression was determined.

After ELF-EMF treatment, both IL-1β plasma level and IL-1β mRNA expression level, as well as IL-2 plasma level increased, while IFN-γ and TGF-β levels did not change.

The increased expression of IL-1β found in this study may be a response to ELF-EMF stimulation. It is hypothesized that a neuroprotective role of this cytokine may occur due to IL-1β-dependent regulation of neurotrophic factors. Further research is needed to explore this hypothesis.

Pediatric Concussion: Managing Persistent Symptoms With an Interdisciplinary Approach.

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

We outline the development of a clinic that works directly with youth clients, their caregivers, and family members to help address symptoms that are persisting long after the youth sustained a concussion. Client referral characteristics are described, as well as general clinic flow and procedures. Particular emphasis is placed on a novel interdisciplinary team assessment pathway designed with input from clients and families to help provide consistent treatment plans, education, direction, and conclusions for those clients with complex psychosocial, cognitive, and physical presentations.

The Persistent Concussion Clinic at Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Youth with persistent concussion symptoms have limited access to interdisciplinary clinics and supports. This article outlines the practices of a large, hospital-based interdisciplinary clinic whose model can inform clinical care pathways and practices for this underserved population. Facilitators and barriers to access are discussed and future directions for the clinic and persistent concussion care in Ontario and internationally are reviewed.

Integrating Neuropsychology Services in a Multidisciplinary Concussion Clinic.

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

To describe the integration of neuropsychology services in a multidisciplinary concussion clinic and provide descriptive information on patients, services, and initial health status.

12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) T scores (mean = 50, SD = 10) referenced to US population.

Half of the patients were seen within 24 days of their injury and showed reduced physical functioning (40.2) and average mental (emotional) functioning (48.8). Patients seen after 24 days showed even more reduced physical functioning (33.9) and reduced mental functioning (41.0), both P < .0001. Average treatment time was also longer, 88.1 (173.9) versus 186.8 (211.1) days, P < .0001. Two-thirds of patients were referred for cervical or vestibular physical therapy at their initial visit.

Early referral for specialized care, including neuropsychology services, may be beneficial.

Addition of Occupational Therapy to an Interdisciplinary Concussion Clinic Improves Identification of Functional Impairments.

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

Concussions, or mild traumatic brain injuries, are prevalent among youth and young adults. These injuries may disrupt a person's daily activities (occupations) including school, physical activity, work, and socialization. Rehabilitation professionals, such as occupational therapists (OTs), are experts in providing individualized intervention to address these temporary life changes during recovery.

This article aims to identify the benefit of having an occupational therapy practitioner on an interdisciplinary treatment team when providing intervention to patients with concussion.

A single researcher (OT) with training in concussion qualitatively compared reported impacted occupational domains as defined in the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework, using both a retrospective and a prospective cohort. The prospective group differed from the retrospective group in that an OT was present, and participated in the initial evaluation.

The domains of performance patterns (P = .007) and performance skills (P ≤ .001) were identified significantly more often when an occupational therapy practitioner participated in the initial evaluation.

Rehabilitation professionals, such as OTs, play an important role in identifying impacted domains after a concussion, which can help optimize patient care.

Ethical Considerations in Chronic Brain Injury.

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

A growing number of individuals are living with chronic traumatic brain injury. As these individuals and their families attempt to reintegrate into...

Effects of a 3D-printed orthosis compared to a low-temperature thermoplastic plate orthosis on wrist flexor spasticity in chronic hemiparetic stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial.

Clinical Rehabilitation

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two kinds of wrist-hand orthosis on wrist flexor spasticity in chronic stroke patients.

This is a randomized controlled trial.

The study was conducted in a rehabilitation center.

A total of 40 chronic hemiparetic stroke patients with wrist flexor spasticity were involved in the study.

Patients were randomly assigned to either an experimental group (conventional rehabilitation therapy + 3D-printed orthosis, 20 patients) or a control group (conventional rehabilitation therapy + low-temperature thermoplastic plate orthosis, 20 patients). The time of wearing orthosis was about 4-8 hours per day for six weeks.

Primary outcome measure: Modified Ashworth Scale was assessed three times (at baseline, three weeks, and six weeks). Secondary outcome measures: passive range of motion, Fugl-Meyer Assessment score, visual analogue scale score, and the swelling score were assessed twice (at baseline and six weeks). The subjective feeling score was assessed at six weeks.

No significant difference was found between the two groups in the change of Modified Ashworth Scale scores at three weeks (15% versus 25%, P = 0.496). At six weeks, the Modified Ashworth Scale scores (65% versus 30%, P = 0.02), passive range of wrist extension (P < 0.001), ulnar deviation (P = 0.028), Fugl-Meyer Assessment scores (P < 0.001), and swelling scores (P < 0.001) showed significant changes between the experimental group and the control group. No significant difference was found between the two groups in the change of visual analogue scale scores (P = 0.637) and the subjective feeling scores (P = 0.243).

3D-printed orthosis showed greater changes than low-temperature thermoplastic plate orthosis in reducing spasticity and swelling, improving motor function of the wrist and passive range of wrist extension for stroke patients.

Efficacy of preoperative progressive resistance training in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty: 12-month follow-up data from a randomized controlled trial.

Clinical Rehabilitation

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of adding four weeks preoperative progressive resistance training (PRT) to four weeks postoperative PRT on patient function, muscle strength, and other outcomes 12 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

Twelve-month follow-up data from a previously published randomized controlled trial.

Aarhus University Hospital, Silkeborg Regional Hospital, and Aarhus University.

A total of 59 patients scheduled for TKA were enrolled in a single-blinded, clinical randomized controlled trial.

Participants were randomized to preoperative PRT (intervention group) or to a control group who "lived as usual" the last four weeks before TKA. The intervention group completed four weeks preoperative and four weeks postoperative PRT, whereas the control group only completed four weeks postoperative PRT. Main follow-up measures were as follows: the 30-second Chair Stand Test (primary outcome), Timed Up and Go Test, walk tests, knee extensor, and knee flexor muscle strength and patient-reported outcomes. Statistical analyses were performed according to the intention-to-treat principle.

No significant group differences were observed for the primary outcome 30-second Chair Stand Test (4.0 repetitions versus 2.4 repetitions, P = 0.067) or for other functional performance outcomes. The intervention group had significantly higher weight-normalized knee extensor muscle strength (0.5 Nm/kg versus 0.2 Nm/kg, P = 0.002) and knee flexor muscle strength (0.3 Nm/kg versus 0.2 Nm/kg, P = 0.042) in the operated leg when compared to the control group. No significant group differences for patient-reported outcomes.

The study supports the use of short-term high-intensity resistance training before TKA as it induces a long-lasting effect on muscle strength, while it may have no discernible effect on functional performance.