The latest medical research on Public Health Medicine

The research magnet gathers the latest research from around the web, based on your specialty area. Below you will find a sample of some of the most recent articles from reputable medical journals about public health medicine gathered by our medical AI research bot.

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S1 gene based phylogeny of Israel variant-2 infectious bronchitis virus isolated in Turkey in a five year period.

COVID 19

Infectious bronchitis (IB) is an important disease that causes severe economic loses in the poultry industry worldwide. Furthermore, the spread of ...

Virtual interviewing in the COVID-19 era: A survey of graduate program directors.

COVID 19

Due to the coronavirus pandemic, virtual interviews became a mainstay of graduate dental and medical education selection processes. To gain a handle on how to navigate lingering uncertainties about how interviews should be conducted in the future, this study examined the benefits and pitfalls of the virtual interview process (VIP) and assessed program plans to implement in the next interview cycle.

An anonymous online survey, for completion by one program representative (director or associate director), was sent to graduate medical education (GME) and advanced dental education programs at West Virginia University (N = 74).

Fifty-two (52) of the programs (70%) completed the survey. Zoom was the most frequently used interview platform (78.8%). Approximately two thirds (65.4%) of the interviewers thought VIP allowed the program to promote the university, the school, and their program and also reported experiencing video-conferencing fatigue. About six in 10 perceive VIP can introduce bias in selecting applicants (59.6%) and potentially disadvantage some applicants (67.3%). Compared to the previous in-person cycle, 67.4% of programs invited more applicants, and 73.1% interviewed more applicants. Regarding the 2021-2022 interview cycle, 55.8% of programs plan to offer either an in-person or VIP, while 7.7% plan to keep their process completely virtual.

Graduate programs in this study demonstrated the indispensability of technology in transitioning from in-person to virtual interviews during COVID-19 pandemic. VIP has several advantages and disadvantages; this style of interview is forecasted to have a presence in applicant selection in the future.

From Hostile to Benevolent Ageism: Polarising Attitudes Towards Older Adults in German COVID-19 Related Tweets.

COVID 19

Previous studies have linked COVID-19 to a rise in ageism. While a growing body of research examined hostile ageism during the pandemic, benevolent ageism received less attention. Drawing on the stereotype content theory and the classic tripartite model of attitudes, the current study explored how benevolent and hostile ageism are reflected in the cognitive, affective, and behavioural dimensions of attitudes towards older adults in German COVID-19 related tweets. The study examined the most prevalent attitudes as well as changes in prevalence between the first and second lockdown period in Germany.

792 German tweets concerning COVID-19 and ageing were collected and coded using Mayring's qualitative content analysis with a dominantly inductive approach. Quantitative methods were used to identify the most prevalent subthemes as well as changes in prevalence.

The coding resulted in 21 subthemes. Most tweets (60.73%) contained either hostile or benevolent ageist attitudes, with benevolent ageism being more prevalent. The top 5 subthemes in terms of prevalence and reach contained several opposing attitudes, such as devaluation and opposing devaluation. The chi-square tests revealed a shift from a promotion to an evaluation of COVID-19 related policies between the two lockdowns.

Results highlight social media's polarising effect and its potential contribution to both hostile and benevolent ageism in the context of COVID-19 in Germany. Results indicate the need to consider the adverse effects of benevolent ageism and use of chronological age as risk factor, when designing COVID-19 related policies.

Assessing COVID-19 Health Literacy (CoHL) and its relationships with sociodemographic features, locus of control and compliance with social distancing rules during the first lockdown in France.

COVID 19

Health literacy (HL) is critical to find, understand and use health information for adopting appropriate health behavior, especially during a pande...

Changes in smell and taste perception related to COVID-19 infection: a case-control study.

COVID 19

The main aim of the present study was to psychophysically evaluate smell and taste functions in hospitalized COVID-19 patients and to compare those...

Deep learning model for the automatic classification of COVID-19 pneumonia, non-COVID-19 pneumonia, and the healthy: a multi-center retrospective study.

COVID 19

This retrospective study aimed to develop and validate a deep learning model for the classification of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pneumoni...

Age-related cognitive effects of the COVID-19 pandemic restrictions and associated mental health changes in Germans.

COVID 19

Restrictive means to reduce the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic have not only imposed broad challenges on mental health but might also affect cogni...

Post-acute COVID-19 outcomes in children requiring hospitalisation.

COVID 19

Post-acute COVID-19 causes long term sequalae in adults. This is less well described in children. We performed clinical assessments on a large coho...

Predefined and data driven CT densitometric features predict critical illness and hospital length of stay in COVID-19 patients.

COVID 19

The aim of this study was to compare whole lung CT density histograms to predict critical illness outcome and hospital length of stay in a cohort o...

Immune response in COVID-19: what is next?

COVID 19

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been a global pandemic for more than 2 years and it still impacts our daily lifestyle and quality in un...

Nursing, Diabetes, Hemodialysis and COVID-19.

COVID 19

Four key themes are explored in this third issue of the Journal of Religion and Health for 2022: (1) the lead topic for this issue considers the wo...

Impact of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors on COVID-19.

COVID 19

Since the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the possible roles of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors in COVID-19 ha...