The latest medical research on Sexual Health Medicine
The research magnet gathers the latest research from around the web, based on your specialty area. Below you will find a sample of some of the most recent articles from reputable medical journals about sexual health medicine gathered by our medical AI research bot.
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Are We Still Having Sex? Results of Round Two of the Love and Sex in the Time of COVID Survey with Gay, Bisexual and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men.AIDS and Behavior
This paper presents data from the Love and Sex in the Time of COVID survey, an online survey with US gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with ...
Trichomonas vaginalis infection in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.International Journal of Epidemiology
An estimated 30 million new cases of Trichomonas vaginalis are recorded annually in sub-Saharan Africa. In Ethiopia, there is no study that systematically compiled the burden of T. vaginalis. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of T. vaginalis in Ethiopia.
Electronic databases such as PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, Science Direct, Scopus, HINARI, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library were systematically searched, and studies with high-quality Newcastle Ottawa Scale scores were included. Analyses were performed using STATA version 14 software, and heterogeneity of studies was assessed using the Cochrane's Q test statistics and I2 test statistics. Sub-group, sensitivity analysis, and publication bias were performed.
Ten eligible studies consisting of 2979 study participants were included. The overall pooled prevalence of T. vaginalis infections in Ethiopia was 9.62%. Sub-group analysis showed that the overall pooled prevalence of T. vaginalis infections in pregnant women and other study groups was 6.68% and 12.86%, respectively. Publication bias was detected by funnel plots and Egger's tests.
This study showed that the overall pooled prevalence of T. vaginalis infections was relatively high. This study should trigger policy makers, governmental and non-governmental organizations, and healthcare providers to give attention for prevention and control of T. vaginalis infection.
The prevalence and incidence of HIV in the ART era (2006-2016) in North West Tanzania.International Journal of Epidemiology
Sub-Saharan countries bear a disproportionate percentage of HIV infections and HIV-related deaths despite the efforts to strengthen HIV prevention and treatments services, including ART. It is important to demonstrate how these services have contributed to reducing the epidemic using available population data.
We estimated the prevalence and incidence rates from a cohort running over 23 years in Magu District, Mwanza Region-North West Tanzania. Adults 15 years and over who were residents of the Kisesa observational HIV cohort study between 2006 and 2016 were eligible for inclusion. Survival analysis was used to calculate person-time at risk, incidence rates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Cox regression models were used for the risk factor analyses disaggregated by sex and age group.
The HIV prevalence in the sero-surveys decreased from 7.2% in 2006/07 to 6.6% in 2016, with a notable decrease of over 50% for both men and women aged 15-24 years. The incidence rate for HIV was estimated to be 5.5 (95% CI 4.6-6.6) per 1,000 person-years in women compared to 4.6 (95% CI 3.5-5.8) in men, with a decrease over time. Despite the availability of ART services, the uptake is still small.
New infections are still occurring, with high HIV incidence in individuals aged below 45 years. With new guidelines and the 95-95-95 UNAIDS target, prevalence and incidence must be adequately assessed. In addition, there is a need for additional efforts to assess the impact of HIV/AIDS prevention programmes and intervention services, especially in these areas where resources are limited.
Exploring the Association Between Social Support and Hazardous Alcohol Use Among Persons Living with HIV in South Western Uganda.AIDS and Behavior
Hazardous alcohol use and psychological distress are common among persons living with HIV (PLWH). In Uganda, HIV prevalence is 6.2% with average pu...
Community-Based ART Service Delivery for Key Populations in Sub-Saharan Africa: Scoping Review of Outcomes Along the Continuum of HIV Care.AIDS and Behavior
HIV positive key population (KP) often face health system and social barriers to HIV care. KP include sex workers, men who have sex with men, perso...
The Cost-Effectiveness of HIV/STI Prevention in High-Income Countries with Concentrated Epidemic Settings: A Scoping Review.AIDS and Behavior
The purpose of this scoping review is to establish the state of the art on economic evaluations in the field of HIV/STI prevention in high-income c...
Perceptions About Local ART Adherence Norms and Personal Adherence Behavior Among Adults Living with HIV in Rural Uganda.AIDS and Behavior
Although misperceived norms often drive personal health behaviors, we do not know about this phenomenon in the context of antiretroviral therapy (A...
A Trend Analysis of Condom use in Spanish Young People over the Two Past Decades, 1999-2020.AIDS and Behavior
HIV exposure is one of the greatest sexual risks in young people, and condom use is the best protective measure. Despite the preventive efforts, tr...
In Their Own Words: How Trans Women Acquired HIV Infection.AIDS and Behavior
Despite high HIV prevalence, the reasons trans women acquire HIV are not well understood. Trans women are often mis-classified or aggregated with m...
'If the Partner Finds Out, then there's Trouble': Provider Perspectives on Safety Planning and Partner Interference When Offering HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) to Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV).AIDS and Behavior
Pre-exposure prophylaxis is an effective women-controlled HIV prevention strategy but women experiencing intimate partner violencefear partners' in...
Opening Editorial AIDS and Behavior Special Issue on Stigma.AIDS and Behavior
The papers in this Special Supplement provide insight into current research on and partnerships needed to address HIV-related stigma and better cha...
Communicating During an HIV Outbreak Among People Who Inject Drugs-West Virginia 2019.AIDS and Behavior
In 2019, the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health (WV BPH), Cabell-Huntington Health Department (CHHD), and CDC collaborated to respond to an HIV...