The latest medical research on Sexual Health Medicine

The research magnet gathers the latest research from around the web, based on your specialty area. Below you will find a sample of some of the most recent articles from reputable medical journals about sexual health medicine gathered by our medical AI research bot.

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Profile of HIV serodiscordant couples in a tertiary care center.

Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology

Globally, 36.7 million people are infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Of these 36.7 million people, 2.1 million are in India. Integrated counseling and testing centers are the cornerstones of early access to prevention and support services. The term "serodiscordant couple" refers to a couple where one partner is HIV-positive and the other HIV-negative.

To study the serodiscordance rates in a cohort of people attending integrated counseling and testing center.

A retrospective descriptive study of data from integrated counseling and testing center from January 2013 to December 2014 was done.

Of the 7489 persons tested, 306 persons were positive for HIV (192 males and 114 females) with a prevalence of 4 percent. Of the 126 couples tested, serodiscordance was found in 46 couples, while 80 couples were seroconcordant. The overall prevalence of HIV serodiscordance was 36.5 percent. Male positive and female negative couples (M+ F-) were 35 (76.0%) and female positive and male negative (F+ M-) were 11 (23.9%). Discordant M+ F- couples were significantly higher than discordant F+ M- couples (P < 0.001). Most participants were aged between 21 and 40 years. The average age of men was 41.91 years and that of women was 34.21 years. The average age difference between life partners was 7.7 years. Significant association was seen between age and gender, as females were found to be younger (P value = 0.001).

Information regarding years of married life, number of sex partners or sexual behavior pre- and post-detection were not collected. Thus, our data present only the magnitude of serodiscordance in a cohort but does not analyze the other predictors of serodiscordance.

Serodiscordant relationships occur more commonly in India than is presumed. Our study highlights the profile of serodiscordant couples in this part of the country. Effective measures to prevent transmission of HIV within a serodiscordant relationship are necessary steps in halting the HIV epidemic.

A case of febrile ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann disease with comorbidities.

Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology

Febrile ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann disease is a very rare and severe variant of pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta. Adult cases are ...

Sexual Risk and Criminal Justice Involvement Among Women Who Use Drugs.

AIDS and Behavior

Criminal justice system involvement among US women is associated with increased risk for HIV/sexually transmitted infections, yet effects of differ...

Which Gay and Bisexual Men Attend Community-Based HIV Testing Services in Australia? An Analysis of Cross-Sectional National Behavioural Surveillance Data.

AIDS and Behavior

In Australia, HIV testing services have become increasingly available in non-traditional settings such as peer-led, community-based services to exp...

HIV Disclosure to Family Members and Medication Adherence: Role of Social Support and Self-efficacy.

AIDS and Behavior

Although antiretroviral therapy (ART) is vital to people living with HIV (PLWH) by suppressing the virus and in turn preventing onward HIV transmis...

A Latent Class Analysis of the Social Determinants of Health Impacting Heavy Alcohol Consumption Among Women Living with HIV in Canada: The Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study.

AIDS and Behavior

We used longitudinal data from the 2013-2017 Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (N = 1422) to assess the clustered im...

Barriers to Accessing Sexual Health Services for Transgender and Male Sex Workers: A Systematic Qualitative Meta-summary.

AIDS and Behavior

Access to safe and effective sexual healthcare services for transgender and male sex workers (TMSW) is a human right. Globally, TMSW experience a h...

Sexual Dysfunction in Men with Prediabetes.

Sexual Medicine Reviews

Previous studies have shown a strong association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and the frequency and severity of some aspects of male sexual dysfunction (SD). The same relationship with prediabetes (preDM) has been less well investigated.

To systematically review the current literature on the association between preDM and SD, focusing on erectile dysfunction (ED), sex steroid hormone alterations, and premature ejaculation (PE).

Prevalence of SD in men with preDM and severity of ED, PE, and hormone alterations in men with preDM compared with controls.

12 studies reporting data on the association between SD and preDM were found in the literature. According to these studies, ED is more prevalent in men with preDM compared with controls, the severity of ED increases progressively as a function of impaired glucose metabolism, testosterone values and preDM are strongly correlated, men with preDM are at increased risk of testosterone deficiency and hypogonadism, men with hypogonadism have a higher prevalence of preDM, and the association between PE and preDM is controversial.

PreDM is a common and underdiagnosed clinical condition that is strongly associated with male SD. A detailed glucose metabolism investigation should be performed in every patient with SD to screen for glucose abnormalities and eventually to implement prevention program to decrease their chances of developing life-changing chronic illnesses. Boeri L, Capogrosso P, Ventimiglia E, et al. Sexual Dysfunction in Men with Prediabetes. Sex Med Rev 2019;XX:XXX-XXX.

Effects of a Mobile Health Intervention to Promote HIV Self-testing with MSM in China: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

AIDS and Behavior

This study tested a mobile health (mHealth) intervention program entitled WeTest, delivered via the WeChat mobile app, to promote oral HIV self-tes...

HIV Care Trajectories as a Novel Longitudinal Assessment of Retention in Care.

AIDS and Behavior

Consistent engagement in care is associated with positive health outcomes among people living with HIV (PLWH). However, traditional retention measu...

Adolescent HIV Healthcare Providers' Competencies in Motivational Interviewing Using a Standard Patient Model of Fidelity Monitoring.

AIDS and Behavior

The goal of this project is to describe adolescent HIV care providers' competence in Motivational Interviewing (MI) using a standard patient intera...

Barriers and Facilitators of Rapid HIV and Syphilis Testing Uptake Among Filipino Transnational Migrants in China.

AIDS and Behavior

Transnational migrant workers are known to be at high risk for HIV/STIs. This study estimated the point prevalence of HIV/syphilis and examined cor...