The latest medical research on Sexual Health Medicine

The research magnet gathers the latest research from around the web, based on your specialty area. Below you will find a sample of some of the most recent articles from reputable medical journals about sexual health medicine gathered by our medical AI research bot.

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HIV Stigma and Its Associations with Longitudinal Health Outcomes Among Persons Living with HIV with a History of Unhealthy Alcohol Use.

AIDS and Behavior

This study examined the demographic and clinical correlates of HIV stigma and evaluated how HIV stigma was associated with physical and mental heal...

Syphilis seroprevalence and seroconversion among people newly diagnosed with HIV during the pre-antiretroviral therapy period in rural China.

International Journal of Epidemiology

Syphilis has a high incidence among people living with HIV (PLHIV), which may be attributable to their similar sexual transmission route. A retrosp...

Anakinra in the treatment of protracted paradoxical inflammatory reactions in HIV-associated tuberculosis in the United Kingdom: a report of two cases.

International Journal of Epidemiology

Paradoxical reactions, including immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), are common in patients co-infected with human immunodeficiency...

A realist systematic review of stigma reduction interventions for HIV prevention and care continuum outcomes among men who have sex with men.

International Journal of Epidemiology

While stigma associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) is well recognized, there remains r...

Factors associated with non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy among female sex workers living with HIV in Hyderabad, India.

International Journal of Epidemiology

We determined factors associated with non-adherence (consuming <90% of monthly antiretroviral therapy) among female sex workers (FSWs). An intervie...

Correlates of trichomoniasis among female sex workers who inject drugs in two Mexico-US border cities.

International Journal of Epidemiology

This paper evaluates correlates of trichomoniasis among female sex workers who inject drugs (FSWIDs) in two Mexico-US border cities. HIV-negative F...

Syphilis infection among people who use and inject drugs in Cambodia: a cross-sectional study using the respondent-driven sampling method.

International Journal of Epidemiology

This cross-sectional study explored the prevalence and correlates of syphilis infection among people who use and inject drugs (PWUD/PWID) in Cambod...

Falling HIV incidence in a community clinic cohort of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Barcelona, Spain.

International Journal of Epidemiology

In Barcelona, Spain prior to 2006, HIV testing was mostly limited to formal healthcare facilities with no incidence data reported. A community-base...

Health care issues affecting transgender people living with HIV: an opportunity for improvement.

International Journal of Epidemiology

The high vulnerability of transgender (TG) persons to HIV infection and the difficulties associated with access to health services can lead to dela...

Alcohol Use and Antiretroviral Adherence Among Patients Living with HIV: Is Change in Alcohol Use Associated with Change in Adherence?

AIDS and Behavior

Alcohol use increases non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among persons living with HIV (PLWH). Dynamic longitudinal associations are und...

Validation of the diagnostic criteria for segmental vitiligo.

Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology

Segmental vitiligo has a different clinical course and prognosis as compared to nonsegmental vitiligo, which necessitates its correct diagnosis. It may be difficult to distinguish segmental vitiligo from the limited or focal types of nonsegmental vitiligo.

To validate the previously proposed diagnostic criteria for segmental vitiligo.

This was a cross-sectional validation study involving patients with limited vitiligo. The diagnostic criteria were used to classify vitiligo lesions as segmental or nonsegmental, and was compared with the experts' diagnosis, which was considered as the "gold standard".

The study included 200 patients with 225 vitiligo lesions. As per the diagnostic criteria, 146 vitiligo lesions were classified as segmental and 79 as nonsegmental. The experts classified 147 vitiligo lesions as segmental and 39 as nonsegmental, while the diagnosis either was labeled "unsure" or could not be agreed upon for 39 lesions. As compared with the experts' opinions ("for sure" cases, n = 186), the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic criteria was 91.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 86.2%-95.7%) and 100% (95% CI: 91%-100%), respectively. The positive predictive value was 100% (95% CI: 97.3-100%), while the negative predictive value was 76.5% (95% CI: 62.5%-87.2%). There was a 93.5% agreement between the clinical criteria and experts' opinions (k = 0.83, P < 0.001).

The diagnostic criteria were compared with the experts' opinion in the absence of an established diagnostic "gold standard".

The proposed diagnostic criteria for segmental vitiligo performed well, and can be used in clinical practice, as well as in research settings.

Youth Preferences for HIV Testing in South Africa: Findings from the Youth Action for Health (YA4H) Study Using a Discrete Choice Experiment.

AIDS and Behavior

We conducted a discrete choice experiment (DCE) and quantified preferences for HIV testing among South African youth (Nov 2018 to Mar 2019). Six at...