The latest medical research on Sexual Health Medicine

The research magnet gathers the latest research from around the web, based on your specialty area. Below you will find a sample of some of the most recent articles from reputable medical journals about sexual health medicine gathered by our medical AI research bot.

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Travel Burden and Timely Linkage to Care Among People Newly Diagnosed with HIV Infection in South Carolina from 2005 to 2020.

AIDS and Behavior

This retrospective study explored the association between travel burden and timely linkage to care (LTC) among people with HIV (PWH) in South Carol...

Diabetes mellitus and female sexual response: what do animal models tell us?

Sexual Medicine Reviews

One of the less explored effects of diabetes mellitus (DM) is female sexual dysfunction. Females of different species have been used as models.

To analyze the information of animal models of DM and female sexual response (FSR).

The literature of FSR in models of DM was reviewed.

Females in a type 1 DM (DM1) model show a decrease in the number of proestrus events, and ovariectomized females treated with sex hormones have been used. In these females, a reduction in lordosis has been reported; in proceptivity, the data are contradictory. These females present a decrease in sexual motivation that was restored after exogenous insulin. In the type 2 DM (DM2) model, females show regular estrous cycles, normal levels of lordosis behavior, and, depending on the paradigm, decreased proceptivity. These females display normal preference for sexually active males or their olfactory cues when having free physical contact; they lose this preference when tested in paradigms where physical interaction is precluded.

Females with severe hyperglycemia have a decrease in FSR, while those with moderate hyperglycemia show much less drastic effects.

The main strength is the analysis of the changes in various components of FSR in 2 models of DM. The main limitation is the difficulty in extrapolating the data on FSR from rats to women and that most studies focus on evaluating the impact of severe or chronic-moderate hyperglycemia/hyperinsulinemia on the sexual response, without considering other pathophysiologic alterations generated by DM.

Association Between Early Sexual Debut and New HIV Infections Among Adolescents and Young Adults in 11 African Countries.

AIDS and Behavior

We investigated the association between early sexual debut and HIV infection among adolescents and young adults. Analyzing data from nationally rep...

Influence of Stigma on Engagement in HIV Care and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Specialized HIV Clinics Targeting Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Women in Lima, Peru.

AIDS and Behavior

HIV stigma is a social determinant of health that can influence multiple health outcomes, including adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART), enga...

Social impacts experienced by women with HIV and infertility in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review.

International Journal of Epidemiology

In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) prevalence among reproductive-aged women remains high, and infertility among these women is common. The social consequences for these women are yet to be explored. This scoping review summarises the social consequences of living with HIV and infertility for SSA women.

This scoping review of published peer-reviewed literature focused on the intersection of infertility and living with HIV among women in SSA. We followed the PRISMA guidelines for scoping reviews. We searched PubMed, Web of Science and SCOPUS and included all original research reports which met the inclusion criteria; women in Sub-Saharan Africa, living with HIV, and infertility.

Fourteen papers met the inclusion criteria. Both HIV diagnosis and infertility were reported as stigmatising experiences for women who desire to have children. The stigma of infertility had a greater negative impact on women than that of an HIV diagnosis. Familial, community support, and medical intervention were perceived vital to ensure women feel de-stigmatised and in control of their future, even without children.

This is the first review demonstrating the social consequences of HIV and infertility on SSA women. Further research and interventions are needed to reduce the social consequences of infertility within SSA.

Survival Analysis and Immune Differences of HIV Long-Term Non-progressors in Xinjiang China: A 12-Year Prospective Cohort Observation.

AIDS and Behavior

This 12-year cohort study of 80 long-term non-progressors (LTNPs) observed a cumulative follow-up duration of 628.5 person-years. Among them, 60 re...

"I Thought Cancer was a Tobacco Issue": Perspectives of Veterans with and without HIV on Cancer and Other Health Risks Associated with Alcohol and Tobacco/Nicotine Use.

AIDS and Behavior

U.S. Veterans and people living with HIV (PWH) experience higher rates of unhealthy alcohol and tobacco/nicotine use than non-Veterans and people w...

HIV Treatment Optimism Moderates the Relationship between Sexual Risk Behavior and HIV Risk Perception among Urban HIV-negative Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men who have Sex With Men.

AIDS and Behavior

Using baseline data of the Engage Cohort Study, a Canadian study of sexually active gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBM), we eva...

Emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide and doravirine in a virologically suppressed adult with HIV and on chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: A case report.

International Journal of Epidemiology

Data supporting the safe and effective use of first-line antiretroviral therapy in people living with HIV on hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis re...

Condyloma lata of the umbilicus: A case report highlighting the present syphilis emergency.

International Journal of Epidemiology

Syphilis is an ancient sexually transmitted infection that plagues communities across the United States and the world. Cutaneous syphilis has a wid...

The Role of the Multidisciplinary HIV Care Center in Mitigating Social Isolation Among Patients with HIV During the Early COVID-19 Pandemic.

AIDS and Behavior

As the COVID-19 pandemic began in 2020, significant public health mitigation efforts were vital to combat an unprecedented health crisis. These eff...

A Longitudinal Examination of HIV Risk Perception Accuracy among Sexual Minority Men with History of Childhood Sexual Abuse.

AIDS and Behavior

Men who have sex with men (MSM) with history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) are at high risk for HIV acquisition. One reason is posttraumatic resp...