The latest medical research on Laryngeal Cancer

The research magnet gathers the latest research from around the web, based on your specialty area. Below you will find a sample of some of the most recent articles from reputable medical journals about laryngeal cancer gathered by our medical AI research bot.

The selection below is filtered by medical specialty. Registered users get access to the Plexa Intelligent Filtering System that personalises your dashboard to display only content that is relevant to you.

Want more personalised results?

Request Access

Mammary Analogue Secretory Carcinoma of Submandibular gland.

Laryngeal Cancer

Mammary Analogue Secretory Carcinoma of salivary glands (MASC) is a low-grade carcinoma of salivary glands of the head-neck region. It bears histological resemblance to Secretory Carcinoma of the breast and Acinic Cell Carcinoma (ACC) of the parotid gland. Its clinical behaviour and aggressiveness vary amongst individuals and experience in MASC of the submandibular gland are limited.

We report a 16-year-old female with binary neck swelling in the submandibular region. The hard swelling in the submandibular region was a MASC and the soft cystic mass was a synchronous congenital lymphatic cyst in the neck. We report two unusual features, an extremely rare involvement of MASC of submandibular salivary gland and the presence of a congenital lymphatic cyst in the area adjacent to the main tumour mass. Treatment was done by surgical excision of both the neck masses in-toto and ipsilateral selective neck dissection (Level I-IV).

While MASC's histological pattern has been described in previous studies, its clinical picture is rarely documented. This report aims to shed light on the clinical presentation of this under-diagnosed entity and the aggressive management protocol required during preoperative workup, intraoperative disease clearance and post-operative follow up of such patients. MASC of the submandibular salivary gland is an uncommon cause of neck swelling in the adolescent age group, but due to its occasional aggressive nature, should be borne in mind as a possible differential diagnosis of salivary gland tumours.

A New Method for Plastic Closure of an Extensive Laryngotracheal Defect.

Laryngeal Cancer

Elimination of extensive defects of the larynx and trachea by using musculoskeletal plastics without the use of supporting materials is not always sufficient. Laser modeling of cartilage tissue is a promising technique in modern medicine.

This article presents a new method for plastic closure of an extensive defect in the larynx and trachea with the help of costal auto-cartilage modeled by an erbium fiber laser with wavelength of 1.56 μm.

The presented method allows us to restore the anatomical integrity of the respiratory tract at the final stage of surgical treatment of patients with chronic combined laryngeal and tracheal stenosis. Presented own clinical observation.

OSAHS Growth Impairment and Resolution after Adenotonsillectomy in Children.

Laryngeal Cancer

One of the most important complications of OSAHS in children is growth delay. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in clinical body growth, and laboratory growth in children with OSAHS after adeno-tonsillar surgery.

In our study, among 102 children suffering from sleep-disordered breathing, 70 met the inclusion criteria because they were affected by OSAHS and adenotonsillar hypertrophy. In total, 96 children affected by adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy (55 males and 41 females) underwent nocturnal cardiorespiratory monitoring with Embletta MPR, monitoring for post-operative 24 hours. Patients underwent blood sampling to evaluate preoperative GH and IGF-1 serum levels, "placement" in Cacciari's growth charts and adenotonsillectomy and saturation monitoring for post-operative 24 hours. According to auxological parameters, 82.86% of the patients were below the fiftieth percentile of BMI Cacciari's growth charts and IGF-1 preoperative serum levels were below the normal range. All patients underwent adenotonsillectomy.

All 70 patients recovered from OSAHS according to the results of nocturnal cardiorespiratory monitoring after six months. IGF-1 serum levels significantly increased after three months and one year after. All the auxological parameters showed a significant increase after surgery. We calculated the average annual growth in height of the patients before and after adenotonsillectomy (AT): the growth rate was impaired by OSAHS (5.4±1.3 cm/year), while in the following year post-surgery we found a significant growth speed acceleration (9.9±1.7 cm/year, P=0.001).

In conclusion, growth delay in children can be caused by OSAHS, and when it is due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy, adenotonsillectomy is to be considered as the therapy of choice.

Comparison of Endoscopic Versus Microscopic Tympanoplasty.

Laryngeal Cancer

Tympanoplasty is a common surgery for chronic otitis media and has conventionally been performed with a microscope for decades. The trend of endoscopic minimally invasive surgeries has been increasing worldwide for the last few decades. Few studies have discussed the outcomes of tympanoplasty with microscope and tympanoplasty with endoscope . This study aims to compare results of tympanoplasty done with microscope vs endoscope in terms of graft take rate and improvement in conductive hearing loss.

We did a retrospective review of 120 patients (54 male and 66 female) who underwent Type I tympanoplasty at Liaquat National Postgraduate Medical Center from January 2019 to January 2020. We included 60 patients who underwent tympanoplasty with microscope and 60 patients who underwent tympanoplasty with endoscope. Postoperative graft uptake and hearing improvement were studied.

Overall mean preoperative hearing loss was 30.24 (±9.61) dB as compared to mean postoperative hearing loss, which was reduced to 19.36 ( ±8.54) dB, and the difference was significant (P-value <0.001. No statistically significant difference was found for air-bone gap closure between the two groups (P-value 0.78). Out of 120 patients, overall successful graft uptake was seen in 109 (90.8%). In tympanoplasty with microscope, graft take was 90.0%, compared to 91.6% in endoscope group. There was no significant difference in graft take in the two groups.

The tympanoplasty with endoscope is comparable to tympanoplasty with microscope in terms of graft uptake and hearing improvement.

Investigation of the Serum Level of Vitamin D in Patients with Ear Cholesteatoma.

Laryngeal Cancer

This study aimed to investigate the serum level of vitamin D in patients with ear cholesteatoma.

This cross-sectional study was performed on 62 patients with middle ear cholesteatoma (case group) and 62 patients with simple chronic otitis media (control group). Both groups had the same age (32±1 in the case group and 34±1 in the control group; P=0.973) and gender. Vitamin D serum level was measured in the two groups. Data analysis was conducted using t-test and ANOVA.

According to the statistical analysis, a significant relationship was observed between the serum level of vitamin D and middle ear cholesteatoma (P=0.000). The results showed that the serum level of vitamin D was lower in the case group, compared to the control group.

Vitamin D serum level was lower in the cholesteatoma group. Moreover, it was strongly associated with hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo.

Zenker's Diverticulum in Forestier Disease: Chance or Causality?

Laryngeal Cancer

Zenker's diverticulum is an acquired sac-like outpouching of the mucosa and submucosa layers originating at the pharyngoesophageal junction. The predominant symptom of Zenker's diverticulum is dysphagia. Videofluoroscopy confirms the diagnosis. Forestier disease is a clinical entity characterized by ossification of anterolateral vertebral ligament and anterior osteophyte formation along the anterolateral spinal column. Its etiopathogenesis remains unknown and common symptoms are dysphagia, dysphonia and airway obstruction. The objective of this study is to identify a pathophysiological correlation between Forestier disease and the onset of Zenker's diverticulum.

A retrospective observational study was conducted. The electronic database of our Radiology Unit was analyzed in order to identify patients with hypopharyngeal diverticulum and osteophytes at the cervical vertebrae level, from January 2010 to January 2021. The search was performed using precise keywords.

The computerized database search outlined 10 imaging exams: 5 videofluorographies and 5 computed tomography scans. In 100% of the cases, dysphagia was the main symptom that led to the diagnostic assessment; 30% of patients, on the other hand, reported dyspnoea. From the data analysis, the male / female ratio is 1: 1 and the average age of the patients is 64.8 (+/- 11.31) years.

We assume that the anatomical abnormalities in Forestier disease may cause an increase of pharyngeal pressure and consequently support the development of the Zenker's diverticulum. Hence, it is always recommended to investigate the presence of Zenker's diverticulum in a patient with Forestier disease, especially for the life-threatening complications of Zenker's diverticulum.

Assessment of Human Leukocyte Antigen Differences between Smokers with Reinke's Edema and Those with Laryngeal Cancer.

Laryngeal Cancer

The present study aimed to assess human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing differences between smokers with Reinke's edema and those with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).

The HLA class I, II alleles were examined in 76 unrelated Iranian patients using low-resolution polymerase chain reaction with the sequence-specific primer (PCR-SSP) method.

The frequency of the HLA-A*36 allele and HLA-B*35 was significantly higher in patients with SCC. The frequency of HLA-DRB1*01 alleles in Reinke's edema was significantly higher, as compared to that in others. In the volunteer group, HLA-DRB1*13 and HLA-DRB1*15 were significantly higher.

As evidenced by the obtained results, HLA-A*36 was significantly higher in SCC, as compared to that in volunteers and Reinke's edema patients. It can be concluded that being positive for HLA-A*36 increases the chance of SCC by three times. This result should be further investigated in cohort studies conducted on larger samples. Furthermore, HLA-A*24 was significantly higher in the volunteer group, as compared to that in other groups. The HLADRB1*01 was remarkably higher in Reinke's edema, as compared to that in SCC.

A Pedunculated Cervical Mass: A Case Report.

Laryngeal Cancer

A congenital cervical mass is a considerable health problem worldwide; however, accessory tragus (AT) in the neck is extremely rare. The cervical variant of AT or congenital cartilaginous rest of the neck (CCRN) is a rare anomaly related to the branchial arch located at the lateral of the neck that typically presents as an asymptomatic papule or nodule along the anterior border of sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle. It is detected since birth or in the first few years of life. Diagnosis is based on the clinical characteristics of the lesion, surgical findings, and histopathologic studies.

A young man with no underlying diseases or known congenital anomaly was referred by a dermatologist for an asymptomatic pedunculated papule in the left mid-cervical area. Physical examination reveals a firm and mobile papule with a size of 1*1 cm on the anterior middle 1/3 border of the SCM. Radiologic findings illustrated a mass nearby the SCM with a long tract beneath it extending upward. The lesion was finally resected, and during surgery, a long tract was discovered, and histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of a CCRN.

Although rare, the cervical variant of AT or CCRN should be considered in a differential diagnosis of benign masses in the neck.

Laryngeal Lymphoid Hyperplasia Presenting As Stridor in Pediatric Age.

Laryngeal Cancer

Benign lymphoid hyperplasia uncommonly involves the larynx. Involvement of glottis and subglottis is even rare, considering sparse lymphatic supply compared to supraglottis.

A young female presented to emergency with worsening breathing difficulty. After securing the airway, she had found to have circumferential glottis and subglottic mucosa covered firm swelling. Histopathological evaluation of the swelling showed it to be benign lymphoid hyperplasia. Coblation assisted excision of the lesion was done, and the patient became asymptomatic without any recurrence.

Idiopathic lymphoid hyperplasia is a very rare entity to present as glottis and subglottic lesions. Probably, it's the first case to be reported in the literature as laryngeal involvement sparing the supraglottis.

Remodeling Factors, Transcription Factors and Angiogenetic Factors in Cholesteatoma in Ontogenetic Aspect.

Laryngeal Cancer

The main goal of our study was to describe the transcription factor (NF-κβ), angiogenetic factor (VEGF), and remodeling markers (MMP-9 and TIMP-4) of the cholesteatoma tissue compared to control skin tissue. There are still uncertainties how transcription, angiogenetic and remodeling factors affect the cholesteatoma course.

Eight cholesteatoma tissue specimens were retrieved from children, seven - from adults, seven skin controls - from cadavers. Obtained material immunohistochemically were stained for NF-κβ, MMP-9, TIMP-4, VEGF. Non-parametric statistic methods were used.

A statistically significant higher numbers of NF-κβ and TIMP-4 immunoreactive cells in the cholesteatoma compared to control group. A very strong positive correlation between MMP-9 and TIMP-4 was seen in the patient group. A strong positive correlation - between MMP-9 in matrix and MMP-9, VEGF in perimatrix, between TIMP-4 in matrix and TIMP-4 in perimatrix, NF-κβ in the matrix and VEGF; between TIMP-4 in perimatrix and NF-κβ in the matrix.

Correlation between MMP-9 and TIMP-4 suggests that TIMP-4 in cholesteatoma tissue intercorrelates to MMP-9. TIMP-4 likely regulates the development of cholesteatoma. Disbalance between MMPs and TIMPs affects NF-κβ and causes uncontrolled cell proliferation and immune response in this tumor. There is a lack of VEGF strong expression in cholesteatoma perimatrix.

Comparing Antegrade and Retrograde Parotidectomy: Surgical Parameters and Complications.

Laryngeal Cancer

Patotidectomy is the treatment of choice for superficial parotid gland lesions. The present study aimed to assess the facial nerve status, as well as peri-and postsurgical complications, in two surgical techniques (antegrade and retrograde) for parotidectomy.

This study was conducted on 56 patients diagnosed with parotid neoplasms from 2013-2015. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups of antegrade and retrograde. In the retrograde group, the dissection was performed initially to expose the facial nerve branches, while in the antegrade approach, the facial nerve trunk was exposed initially. Different values, such as intraoperative bleeding, mass characteristics, and the time for different sections of the surgery, were noted. The facial nerve was examined after the surgery; moreover, hospital stay and drain removal time was also noted. During the six-month postoperative period, complications and squeals were also noted.

Based on the results, antegrade nerve dissection was performed in 24 patients, while retrograde nerve dissection was carried out in 25 patients. The two groups were compared for intraoperative bleeding, drain output, and drain removal time. Hospital stay was found to be statistically higher in the retrograde group (P<0.05). Other complications and morbidities, such as facial nerve trauma, sialoceles, salivary fistulas, Frey's syndrome, skin sensory changes, and surgery time, were not statistically different (P≥0.05).

As evidenced by the obtained results, retrograde dissection had higher intraoperative bleeding and longer hospital stay. It seems that skin flap dissection is more extensive in retrograde dissection, leading to more bleeding in this approach. These differences, although statistically significant, are not clinically important; consequently, surgeons' experience and knowledge about the two approaches are of utmost importance.

Submandibular Gland Basal Cell Adenoma.

Laryngeal Cancer

Basal cell adenoma (BCA) is a rare benign epithelial tumour of the salivary gland majorly involving the parotid gland, and rarely the submandibular gland.

We describe a rare case of BCA of the submandibular gland diagnosed preoperatively using fine needle aspiration cytology in a 60-year-old woman presenting with painless submandibular swelling. The surgery went uneventfully, and the histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis.

BCA can be accurately diagnosed only through histological observations due to its resemblance to various benign and malignant salivary and non-salivary gland tumours, which are difficult to biopsy.