The latest medical research on Vascular Surgery

The research magnet gathers the latest research from around the web, based on your specialty area. Below you will find a sample of some of the most recent articles from reputable medical journals about vascular surgery gathered by our medical AI research bot.

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Double D Technique: An Innovative Modified Bifurcated Stent Graft Deployment Strategy for an Isolated Common Iliac Artery Aneurysm With a Challenging Renal Artery Anatomy.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for an isolated common iliac artery aneurysm (iCIAA) sometimes requires a bifurcated stent graft (SG). In EVAR, it is essential to preserve the renal artery (RA). However, this is challenging in cases of anatomical variation. The double D technique (DDT) can be used in anatomically inadequate cases with a commercially approved bifurcated SG. Here, we report the repair of iCIAA in the presence of a challenging RA anatomy, through EVAR using the DDT.

An 84-year-old woman was diagnosed with a maximal 35-mm diameter left iCIAA and a nonaneurysmal aorta by computed tomography (CT), which also showed that the right RA arose 50-mm above the aortic bifurcation. The DDT was chosen because commercially approved bifurcated SGs typically require a distance of >70 mm from the proximal position to the aortic bifurcation. Postoperative CT showed excellent results with no endoleaks or SG kinking and occlusion, as well as preservation of robust blood flow to the right RA.

Endovascular aneurysm repair using the DDT can be an alternative option for treatment of iCIAA with a challenging RA anatomy.

Be Aware of Aberrant Right Subclavian Artery Origin Before Aortic Coarctation Stenting: A Case Report Study.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

The subclavian steal syndrome (SSS), also called subclavian steal steno-occlusive disease, is defined as reversal of the vertebral artery flow seco...

Acute Carotid Stent Thrombosis in an Ultrarapid Clopidogrel Metabolizer: Case Report and Literature Review.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) represents an effective procedure for treating carotid artery disease. The acute in-stent thrombosis is an extremely rare complication of CAS especially when it occurs postprocedurally during the first 24 hours. Improper antiplatelet therapy or poor response to antiplatelet medications is known to be associated with a higher risk of in-stent thrombosis during early postprocedural period following a successful intervention.

A patient who experienced acute carotid in-stent thrombosis in early postprocedural period is described. He had been taking dual antiplatelet therapy for 2 weeks before undergoing a successful CAS. Moreover, pharmacogenetics studies showed the patient to be a clopidogrel ultrarapid metabolizer, which theoretically confers hyperresponsivity to medication. Alongside the report itself, a brief literature review of relevant sources pertinent to the case has been conducted.

According to the available literature, this is the first case report describing an ultrarapid clopidogrel metabolizer who underwent an uneventful CAS but experienced acute carotid in-stent thrombosis in early postprocedural period. A rescue procedure included an endovascular intervention consisting of thrombectomy and local alteplase application, followed by postprocedural administration of intravenous eptifibatide. At discharge, patient's dual antiplatelet therapy included ticagrelor instead of clopidogrel.

Acute carotid in-stent thrombosis is a highly unexpected complication of CAS and can occur despite ultrarapid clopidogrel metabolism trait.

Ischemic Toe Ulceration Due to Foreign Body Embolus From Hydrophilic Polymer-Coated Intravascular Device.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

Hydrophilic polymer coatings are now widely applied to catheters and other intravascular devices used in neurovascular, cardiovascular, and periphe...

Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm and Horseshoe Kidney: Isthmus Sectioning By Endo GIA.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

A 90-year-old patient was admitted with a hemorrhagic shock from a huge ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm with an unfavourable infrarenal aortic neck and a horseshoe kidney (HSK).

We decided on an open surgical approach: the HSK isthmus was sectioned with an Endo GIA 45 mm, and we performed a suprarenal aortic cross-clamping and an aortic graft reconstruction. Postoperatively, no urinary leakage was detected, and renal function showed no impairment. The patient died on the 10th postoperative day from pneumonia.

We believe that the sectioning of the HSK isthmus with Endo GIA is a fast and simple maneouvre.

Ipsilateral vocal fold paralysis: An unusual complication of internal jugular tunnelled dialysis catheter insertion.

J Vasc Access

Central venous catheters are extensively used in critical care units and in dialysis centres to gain access to the blood stream for the purpose of invasive monitoring, drug administration, parenteral nutrition and to perform renal replacement therapy. One of the common areas of central venous catheter insertion is right internal jugular vein due to its anatomical continuity with the superior vena cava. The complication rates of central venous catheter insertion can be more than 15%, including early and late complications.

We present an unusual complication of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, leading to right vocal fold paralysis, following insertion of a right internal jugular tunnelled dialysis catheter. The vocal fold paralysis improved over next 8 months with conservative management alone.

This case illustrates an unusual complication of central venous catheter insertion and the importance of recognizing the possibility of such complications, to prevent them from happening and also to manage them appropriately.

FemoSeal® vascular closure device for antegrade common femoral artery access: Safety and technical notes.

J Vasc Access

To retrospectively assess the efficacy and safety of FemoSeal® vascular closure device to achieve hemostasis following antegrade common femoral artery puncture after lower limb revascularization using vascular sheaths from 5 to 8 Fr.

We reviewed the hemostatic outcome achieved with FemoSeal in 103 consecutive patients (mean age: 69 ± 8 years, 71 males) that undergone to 111 antegrade common femoral artery accesses for percutaneous lower limbs revascularization using 5- to 8-Fr vascular sheaths. We used FemoSeal in an unselected population, without exclusion criteria. The primary outcome was the technical success, meant as achieving complete hemostasis without immediate complications.

Hemostasis was achieved in all 111 puncture sites (100% technical success). We observed eight (7%) puncture site minor complications (hematomas), none of which affecting the patients' outcome or requiring further therapies or increasing the hospital stay. There were no statistically significant differences between the variables potentially related to the occurrence of complications (age, international normalized ratio, platelet count, partial thromboplastin time ratio, body mass index, and common femoral arteries calcification grade) in patients with and without complications. Complications group mean body mass index was 26.4 ± 2.8 kg/m2 versus non-complications group 26.6 ± 4.4 kg/m2, p = 0.92. Mean international normalized ratio and partial thromboplastin time ratio were 1.05 ± 0.01 and 1.05 ± 0.14 versus 1.13 ± 0.2 (p = 0.39) and 1.12 ± 0.23 (p = 0.53), respectively. Common femoral arteries calcification grade was the same (mean: 1, p = 1). Platelet count was 202 × 103/mL ± 66.7 versus 226 × 103/mL ± 91.2, p = 0.55. Mean age was 72.3 ± 10 years versus 72.8 ± 8 years, p = 0.86.

The low rate (7%) and grading of the adverse events, combined with the high technical success rate (100%), in an unselected group of patients treated in daily routine, suggest high safety and efficacy of FemoSeal vascular closure device in antegrade common femoral artery puncture site hemostasis when using vascular sheaths ranging from 5 to 8 Fr. Therefore, FemoSeal could be considered as a first-line hemostasis strategy in such cases.

Transposition of external jugular to proximal internal jugular vein for relief of venous thoracic outlet syndrome and maintenance of arteriovenous fistula access for chronic hemodialysis: A new approach.

J Vasc Access

We are reporting a case of venous thoracic outlet syndrome with recurrent subclavian vein thrombosis in the setting of an ipsilateral brachiocephal...

Prone positioning for peripherally inserted central catheter on a patient with anal cancer.

J Vasc Access

Peripherally inserted central catheters are usually inserted in supine patients. What should we do when facing a patient who cannot tolerate this p...

Plasmablastic lymphoma presenting as a brachial artery aneurysm associated with haemodialysis arteriovenous access ligation in a renal transplant patient.

J Vasc Access

Plasmablastic lymphoma is a rare and aggressive neoplasm, generally associated with immunodeficiencies and related to latent Epstein-Barr virus infection. This case is the first reported case of plasmablastic lymphoma relapse in aneurysmatic brachial artery wall.

We describe the case of male patient who underwent cadaveric donor kidney transplant when he was 61 years old and radio-cephalic distal arteriovenous fistula ligation 8 months later. After 8 years, he developed gingival plasmablastic lymphoma treated with cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, oncovin and prednisone regimen with subsequent remission. During follow-up, a mid-forearm vascular access was created because of the worsening of renal function. Twenty-two months later, the patient showed a symptomatic 20 mm brachial artery aneurysm with radiological signs of imminent rupture, for which he was surgically treated. The histological evaluation of the brachial artery specimen revealed a relapse of plasmablastic lymphoma in the arterial wall and in an adjacent lymph node.

Brachial artery aneurysms are a rare complication in kidney transplant recipients after ligation of arteriovenous access for haemodialysis. Here, we report a case in which this condition is associated with an even rarer plasmablastic lymphoma. A common aetiology, due to immunosuppressive therapy, is postulated for the two coexisting diseases.

Iatrogenic Vascular Injuries of the Abdomen and Pelvis: The Experience at a Hellenic University Hospital.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

The aim of this study is to present the experience of a Vascular Division at a Hellenic University hospital concerning the management of iatrogenic vascular injuries (IVIs) of the abdomen or pelvis.

This is a retrospective study evaluating all IVIs reported during a 10-year period in our institution. Only injuries warranting a vascular surgeon consultation were included in the study. Non-iatrogenic injuries were not included. Mortality and major complications within 30 days were evaluated.

Overall, 70 cases were recorded, with 41% being venous and 59% being arterial injuries. Iliac arteries (51%) were the most common location and rupture/lacerations (73%) were the most common type of injury. General surgery (61.5%) and cardiology (30%) procedures were the most frequently involved procedures. A 30-day mortality was 5.7%, with 30% of cases treated conservatively. Synthetic bypass grafting (odds ratio [OR] = 65.0; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.022-1050.358; P = .003) and male gender (OR = 83.77; 95% CI, 4.040-1736.738; P = .004) were associated with death.

Iatrogenic vascular injuries of the abdomen or pelvis are usually associated with general surgery and endovascular procedures. When vascular consultation is requested early, mortality could remain low. However, a selected number of stable patients with retroperitoneal or pelvic hematomas could be treated conservatively, yielding satisfying results.

Persistent Hypoglossal Artery: Challenges Associated With Carotid Revascularization.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

Anomalous connections between the anterior and posterior cranial circulation are rare embryologic entities. A persistent hypoglossal artery has a r...